Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms

The Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms which became the Government of India Act in 1919 clearly defined the jurisdiction of the central and provincial governments. The central legislature now consisted of two houses with elected majorities. The franchise was limited and the legislature had no real powers. In the provinces a system called diarchy was introduced .There were elected majorities in the legislative councils, the franchise being based on property qualifications and communal electorates. There were certain provincial subjects who were under the jurisdiction of the legislative councils but the governors had wide powers of interference and the legislatures were powerless. The reforms introduced were condemned both by the Congress and the League. The reforms further angered the masses and were condemned as unsatisfactory.