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Growth of Intermediary Interest in Land

One important feature of these land revenue settlements was the growth of intermediary landed interest. The absentee Zamindars used to lease or let their lands to ijaradars and pattidars. In turn the latter gave the land on rent to others. Thus a large number of intermediaries came into being between the government and the peasants.

These intermediaries only enjoyed profits by renting or sub renting land. This was particularly the scenario of Bengal Presidency. Poor cultivators were burdened with heavy taxation. Their condition became miserable day by day. No welfare measures were adopted to give them relief.