Pitt’s India Act (1784)

The Act of 1784 introduced changes mainly in the company’s home government in London. It greatly extended the control of the State over the Company’s affairs. It provided for a Board of Control of 6 privy councilors. All civil, military and revenue affairs were controlled through this board. Directors were to retain the right of making appointment to different offices in India. They were also given the power of revising and reviewing the acts of the Indian administration. The court of proprietors was deprived of its right of overriding the decisions of the Court of Directors. Governor-General was to be appointed by the Directors with the approval of the Crown. The Act disapproved the policy of intervention as followed by the servants of the Company in India. It was declared that the official offenders were not to be pardoned if they were found guilty of having committed any offence.

Governor General in Council was given the power of controlling and directing the several presidencies. The members of the Council of Governor –General were reduced to three from four. Governors of Bombay and Madras were completely under Governor General.