Mohenjodaro is the largest of all the Indus cities and has a population estimated to between 41,000 and 35,000. The Great Bath of Mohenjodaro is the most important public place measuring 39 feet (length) x23 feet (breadth) x8 feet (depth). Located at the centre of the citadel it is remarkable for beautiful brick work. Its floor is made of burnt bricks set in gypsum and mortar.

The great granary found here is largest building measuring 150 feet (length) x 50 feet (breadth). It is located within the citadel and next to the Great Bath. Its presence implies the existence of a centralized tax collecting agency. There is also present an oblong multipillared assembly hall and a big rectangular building which must have served administrative purposes. In the lower town a particular building identified by Wheeler as the temple has a monumental entrance and twin stairways leading to a raised platform on which was found one of the rare stone sculptures of a seated figure. Within the lower town there are some barrack like groups of single -roomed tenements at Mohenjodaro.