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Short Question and Answers


1. What was Jalauddin Khilji before he came to power in 1290?
Warden of marches in the north-west

2. Who ended the Turkish monopoly of high offices in the Delhi sultanate?
The Khiljis

3. Who was the first ruler of the Delhi Sultanate to put forward the view that the state should be based on the willing support of the governed?
Iltutmish

4. Which ruler gave the idea that the state could not be a truly Islamic state?
Jalaluddin Khilji

5. How did Jalaluddin Khilji try to gain the goodwill of the nobility?
Tolerance and avoiding harsh punishment

6. Who was the Delhi Sultan to start the policy of giving harsh punishment even to the wives and children of rebels?
Alauddin Khilji

7. When did Timur invade India?
1398 AD

8. Why did Turkish sultans want to annex Malwa and Gujarat?
These were fertile and trade routes near the sea

9. When did Alauddin Khiji launch an attack on Gujarat?
1299 against Rai Karan

10. Where did Alauddin captain Malik Kafur?
Cambay during the Gujarat Expedition

11. What was the first state against which Alauddin launched an attack?
Ranthambhor

12. Who was the famous poet who accompanied Alauddin in the Ranthambhore campaign?
Amir Khusrau

13. The Padmini legend is associated with which place?
Chittor

14. Malik Kafur led campaign against which two places in south India?
Warangal and Malabar

15. Which was the Deccan state against which Muhammad bin Taghlaq had to suffer reverses initially?
Warangal

16. Alauddin Khilji brought reforms in market control after which campaign?
Chittor Campaign

17. How many markets did Alauddin establish?
Three

18. Under which officer markets of Alauddin functioned?
Shahna

19. Which medieval historian wrote about Alauddin’s market control?
Ziauddin Barni

20. What was the price of a first grade horse fixed by Alauddin?
100-120 tanks

21. Who brought fine quality cloth to Delhi from various parts of the country?
The Multani traders

22. Why did Alauddin realise the land revenue in cash?
To pay his soldiers in cash

23. Who was the first Delhi Sultan to introduce the payment of soldiers in cash?
Alauddin Khilji

24. What was a major objective of Alauddin’s market control according to Barauni?
To punish the traders

25. Who was the first Delhi sultan to insist that in the doab,land revenue would be assessed on the basis of measurement of land?
Alauddin Khilji

26. Who was the Delhi Sultan who conversed with Muslim mystics along with Hindu yogis?
Muhammad Bin Tughlaq

27. Which ruler opened offices on the basis of merit?
Muhammad Bin Tughlaq

28. Who was the famous sufi saint whom Muhammad Tughlaq threatened to punish?
Shaikh Nizamuddin Auliya

29. Which was Muhammad Bin Tughlaq’s first expedition?
Khorasan expedition

30. In which metal was the token currency introduced during Muhammad bin Tughlaq’s time?
Bronze

31. With whom did Muhammad tughlaq fight the battle of Jhelum?
Tarmashrin the Mongol leader

32. Where did peasant rebellion take place during Muhammad Bin Tughlaq’s reign?
Gangetic Doab

33. Where did Muhammad Bin Tughlaq live after leaving Delhi?
Swargadwari

34. Where was Swargadwari located?
Ganges near Kanauj

35. Who was the Delhi sultan to set up the department of diwan-i-amir-i-kohi?
Muhammad bin Tughlaq

36. Who succeeded Muhammad Bin Tughlaq on the throne of Delhi?
Firoz Shah Tughlaq

37.Firoz Shah Tughlaq’s longest campain were against which states?
Gujarat

38. Which Sultan abolished the practice of torturing nobles?
Firoz Shah Tughlaq

39. Which sultan prohibited the practice of Muslim women going to worship at the graves of saints?
Firoz Shah Tughlaq

40. Who were exempted from paying the jiziya during Firoz Shah Tughlaq’s reign?
Women,the disabled

41. Which sultan opened the employment bureau?
Firoz Shah Tughlaq

42. Which was the longest canal during Firoz Shah Tughlaq’s period?
From Sutlej to Hansi

43. What were the new towns built by Firoz Shah Tughlaq?
Jodhpur,Jaunpur and Hissar

44. How many slaves did Firoz Tughlaq had?
1, 80,000

45. What did Amiran- i- sada mean?
Foreign nobles who were amirs of hundred villages.

46. Which medieval chronicler commented on the plague during Muhammad bin Tughlaq’s reign?
Isami

47. Which were the two groups that rose to prominence during Alauddin’s reign? Afghans and Indian slaves

48. Who was the first Delhi Sultan first to introduce the practices of Dagh and chehra?
Alauddin Khilji

49. Who was the First Delhi sultan to provide for a permanent standing army?
Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq

50. What was sarai-i- adl?
A separate bazaar dealing with cloth,sugar,herbs,dry fruits etc.

51. What was the rate of taxation in the pre-Islamic India?
1/6 of the produce

52. What was Kharaj? Islamic land tax

53. Which school of Islamic law was permitted in the Sultanate period?
Hanafi

54. Rani- Padmini was immortalized in the Padmavat by which poet?
Malik Mohammd Jaisi

55. Who was the ruler of Warangal when it was invaded by the Sultanate forces?
Pratap Rudra Deva

56. When did the Turkish army first intrude into southern India?
In 1295 led by Alauddin Khilji

57. What was the most well known architectural project of Nur Jahan?
White marble mausoleum she built near Agra for her father Itimad –ud-Daula

58. Where was Shaikh Salim buried?
Jami Mosque

59. Where did Akbar make 14 pilgrimages on foot ?
To the dargah of Muinuddin Chisthi

60. How long did Akbar live in Fatehpur Sikri?
15 years

61. Who has given an account of the Agra Fort?
Abul Fazl

62. When was the Agra fort completed?
1571

63. Where were the fort palaces built by Akbar?
Agra,Lahore and Allahabad

64. Who was the most renowned figure in the Muslim orthodox and revivalist movement of the Mughal period?
Shaikh Ahmad Sirhindi

65. Who was considered to be the most influential writer on the Dharmashastras during the medieval period?
Raghunandan of Navadwipa

66. Who was the saint poet born in Gujarat lived mostly in Rajasthan and preached a non-sectarian path?
Dadu

67. Who was the Sikh Guru who completed the compilation of Adi Granth ?
Guru Arjan Das

68. Which Mughal Emperor was an accomplished veena player?
Aurangzeb

69. From which Mughal Emperor’s reign did Hindi poets begin to be attached to the Mughal court?
Akbar

70. Which provincial style of painting combined the themes of western India or Jain school of painting with the Mughal style?
The Rajasthani style

71. Who introduced European paintings at Akbar’s court?
Portuguese priests

72. Who were Jaswant and Dasawan?
Two famous painters in Akbar’s court

73. Moti Masjid is built in which stone?
Marble

74. Who was Abu Fazl’s brother who helped in the translation department?
Faizi

75. Who was the great artist of portrait painting in Mughal court?
Mansur